Design of the 1 MeV D- SINGAP accelerator for ITER neutral beam injection

Author
H.P.L. de Esch, R.S. Hemsworth, P. Massmann

Abstract
In contrast to the Multi Aperture – Multi Grid (MAMuG) concept of the ITER Neutral Beam Injector reference design (Inoue et al. [1]) in which D-acceleration to 40 A, 1 MeV is achieved through 7 grids containing 1280 apertures each, the European SINGAP (SINgle GAP – SINGle APerture) concept proposes acceleration of 1280 pre accelerated (20-50 keV) beamlets to 1 MeV in a single step. During acceleration the beamlets are merged into 16 beam groups of 80 beamlets. These 16 beam groups (“hyperbeamlets”) then emerge from an exit grid containing only 16 very large apertures. This concept is expected to reduce cost and increase the tolerance to mechanical errors and stray magnetic fields. The physics of this concept and a design have been described before by ourselves [2]. Improved computational facilities have enabled us to calculate larger models and this has led to necessary modifications to the design which are described in this paper.

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